Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, case decided in 1978 by the U.S. Supreme Court. The Court held in a closely divided decision that race could be one of the factors considered in choosing a diverse student body in university admissions decisions. The Court also held, however, that the use of quotas in such affirmative action programs was not permissible; thus the Univ. of California, Davis, medical school had, by maintaining a 16% minority quota, discriminated against Allan Bakke,. 1940–, a white applicant. The legal implications of the decision were clouded by the Court’s division. Bakke had twice been rejected by the medical school, even though he had a higher grade point average than a number of minority candidates who were admitted. As a result of the decision, Bakke was admitted to the medical school and graduated in 1982.
Read more: Regents of the University of California v. Bakke — Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0841421.html#ixzz1xyDNR8JV
So, let’s say someone used this court case as evidence that white people can experience racism. LOL, LET’S JUST SAY.
How do you combat this?
How many times have you heard “I can’t get a job because ofAffirmative Action” or some variation of this line?
There is an ongoing rhetoric about how white men are the new minority. This idea that they, themselves feel the need to perpetuate. For the rest of the day, I am going to talk about that.
It’s not a law. That’s right, it’s an “Initiative.” What does that mean? Well, it means that companies have the option. Not just companies but states. There are actually a couple of states that say that they “Do not recognize” Affirmative Action. Yes, there have been several “Executive Orders” signed by a few different Presidents but…that was about “Diversity.” Which was also an initiative not so much a law. Yes, there are actual laws about discrimination in the work place. As a matter of fact, when people talk about “Affirmative Action LAWS,” that is what they mean. If someone were to sue because they believed that they were not hired or not promoted based on being “Diverse” it would be called an Affirmative Action Lawsuit. Tricky isn’t it? The wording in the Affirmative Action Initiative is “The standard of compliance is good faith.” Seriously, that’s what it says.
You only need one. That’s right! The companies that do have some sort of “Diversity initiative” within their company only need one to be able to call themselves “Diverse.”
One what? That’s the best part, the “One” they need can come from a very interesting list and still be considered “Diverse.” You may have known that racial minorities, women and the disabled were on the list, right? How about Veterans. Did you know about them? Well, it’s true. If you have someone who has served in any branch of the military, they can be your “Diversity hire.” Ever wonder why the question “Have you ever served in the military” is on every job application? Now you know.
Not All Companies Do it. When I say “Not All” I mean, very few. In America, EIGHTY PERCENT of companies DON’T have an Affirmative Action or Diversity Initiative. When you see that Equal Opportunity Employer (EOE) sign, it means they are not allowed to NOT hire you because of your diversity. Now, EOE actually IS a law. That is an entirely different story. Although, EOE get’s filed under “Affirmative Action Law” as well. It tuns out that the most common companies that DO use the Affirmative Action Initiative are Fortune 500 companies. Affirmative Action or having a “Diversity initiative” is more of a PR tool than anything else.
“Every company’s got a quota.” Funny thing about people who say that, they don’t know what the hell they are talking about. While diversity is only an initiative, company diversity “Quotas” are actually illegal.
Let’s go to college. Now, if you are of the “Oppressed white male” population, you know that getting into school is super difficult for you, right? Except it’s not. Yes it’s true, there are many schools that once helda certain amount of seats for racially diverse students. Problem with your complaining is the actual number! In 2003, a lawsuit went to the Supreme Court. Two separate students claimed that they did not receive admission to a Michigan college because they were white. Their lawsuits were largely spoken about in the media. No surprisingly, it was about how white people weren’t getting into college because of their race but there wasn’t a lot of time spent on any of the outcome. Hmm…I wonder why. They lost. Both lost for the same reason. They weren’t qualified under the schools guidelines. Keep in mind, although this tuned into a big discussion about race, at this time, “Diversity” had a large umbrella of things outside of race. Here’s my favorite part, because of the ongoing outcry of white people claiming they were being discriminated against, a study was done to see how Affirmative Action in college actually affected white applicants. It turns out, it does. Before you get to happy, Mr. White Men are Oppressed, let me finish! The nationwide study proved that yes, it did affect white applicants. If there were no “Diversity Initiative,” white applicant’s acceptance would go from 25% to 26.5%. Soooo…
How many Liberals out here on Tumblr?
I get quite a few attacking me for my uneducated political statements.
Let me just say that I disagree with Affirmative Action.
It’s allowing non-caucasians to have lower grade standards than caucasians, therefore caucasians need to score higher. Yet those who support it claim that colleges still racially discriminate.
It’s all a matter of your grades. Affirmative Action implies that non-caucasians aren’t as smart and therefore don’t require standards as high as caucasians.
COME AT ME, PRO-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION SUPPORTERS.
Affirmative action does not imply that people of color are less intelligent. Rather, it is meant to correct systemic inequalities in opportunity that lead to a net disadvantage to non-white people. If a black, latino, or native american student grows up in a poor neighborhood, has unequal access to quality healthcare, in a substandard school system with older books, more kids per classroom, and potentially distracting or dangerous classroom and home environments, in addition to facing implicit bias and outright discrimination from teachers who expect less of them, from kindergarten on up, and possible not having any personal role models who have been to college (because of persistent historical inequalities), if all of those factors (which disproportionately affect non-white people) work against this kid throughout their entire lives, you can’t claim at 18 that they are on equal footing with the average white student and that admissions should be color-blind. That ignores the reality of our country, which is that people of different races do not have equal opportunities, experiences, or advantages. You should be mad at the system, not the programs meant to counteract it.
(And while many of these factores are tied to SES, that is not the whole story.)
By MALIA WOLLAN
NY Times: September 26, 2011
BERKELEY, Calif. — A bake sale sponsored by a Republican student group at the University of California, Berkeley, has incited anger and renewed the debate over affirmative action by asking students to pay different prices for pastry, depending on their race and sex.
Last week, the Berkeley College Republicans announced its “Increase Diversity Bake Sale,” scheduled for Tuesday. On Facebook, the group listed the price for a pastry at $2 for white students, $1.50 for Asian students, $1 for Latinos, 75 cents for African-Americans and 25 cents for Native Americans. Women of all races were promised a 25-cent discount.
“Hope to see you all there! If you don’t come, you’re a racist!” the Facebook event page said. (It has since been taken down and replaced with milder text.)
“We expected people to be upset,” the group’s president, Shawn Lewis, 20, a third-year political science major, said Monday in a telephone interview. “Treating people differently based on the color of their skin is wrong, and we wanted people to be upset about that.”
The bake sale was scheduled to protest a phone bank organized by the Associated Students of the University of California, the campus student government group, where students planned to call Gov. Jerry Brown and urge him to sign a Senate bill that would allow public universities to consider race, gender and ethnicity in admissions decisions. In 1996, voters in the state passed a ballot initiative, known as Proposition 209, prohibiting affirmative action in admissions.
“The bake sale is a misguided attempt by the Berkeley College Republicans to make a political point about their opposition to a particular bill,” said Gibor Basri, the university’s vice chancellor for equity and inclusion and a professor of astronomy. “A lot of students, especially students of color, read it as placing a higher value on white students.”
In response to the bake sale, the Associated Students, which provides money to the Berkeley College Republicans and other political groups for events on campus, called an emergency meeting on Sunday, leaders said. It passed a resolution condemning discriminatory events on campus whether or not they are meant to be satirical.
Not long after the bake sale page went up on Facebook, hundreds of people posted comments expressing outrage over or support for the sale and affirmative action in general.
“Perhaps you should be charging women and Latinas double to better reflect the fact that we’re being paid 78 cents and 59 cents to the white man’s dollar,” wrote Ally Wong.
Others worried more about the pastries. “The educational value of this exercise will be lost when Pocahontas walks away with a truckload of free cupcakes,” wrote Mike Creamer.
The bake sale idea is not original, said Mr. Lewis, the Republican group’s president, noting that the same tactic had been used on other college campuses in the last decade to protest affirmative action.
Event organizers received numerous threats on Facebook, and some of the group’s members changed their names and profile pictures. “This event was not organized by a bunch of white guys,” Mr. Lewis said. “We’re not racists.” The group’s 10-member board of directors includes several Asians and a Latino, he said, and more than half the board members are women.
Student leaders worried that the bake sale would make students uncomfortable and aggravate tensions on campus.
“A number of students have come to me very concerned,” said the student body president, Vishalli Loomba, 20, a fourth-year molecular and cell biology major. “Many feel the differential pricing is offensive and that it makes them feel unwelcome.”
Despite the outcry, organizers said the sale would go forward unless they were threatened with physical violence. Mr. Lewis said Republican groups from nearby colleges — including the University of California, Davis; California State University, Sacramento; and Saint Mary’s College of California — had called to say they were sending carloads of supporters to the bake sale.
The race-based prices will be posted on signs, but organizers said they would not enforce them and would instead allow students to pay whatever they wanted.
Crap, almost got a BINGO!
P.S. I so called it! I knew Shawn Lewis had to be a misguided political science major! Irritatingly, that major is overrun with privileged, clueless, libertarian white boys.
P.P.S. Why besmirch the good name of bake sales with this bullshit anyway? Let my cupcakes go!
Oh, they have a Latino. Well, that’s alright, then. Carry on.
As many as 15 percent of freshmen at America’s top schools are white students who failed to meet their university’s minimum standards for admission, according to Peter Schmidt, deputy editor of the Chronicle of Higher Education. These kids are “people with a long-standing relationship with the university,” or in other words, the children of faculty, wealthy alumni and politicians.
According to Schmidt, these unqualified but privileged kids are nearly twice as common on top campuses as Black and Latino students who had benefited from affirmative action.